Maison IV

Jacques Couëlle

Photography Gilbert Luigi

A graduate from l’École du Bâtiment et des Arts Décoratifs de Grenoble, France, Jean-Louis Chanéac (193—1993) is known for his organic, mobile and accessible architecture. Passionate about Fordism and desiring to transfer its methods to building engineering, Chanéac first developed housing solutions using industrial, mass-produced and economical materials such as wood, metal or concrete as well as synthetic materials including resin, polyester, fibreglass, foam. Urbanism is also at the center of his concerns. In 1963, Chanéac draws the very first plan of Ville Cratère —Crater City whose habitable structures are mobile. In 1968, in conversation at l’Académie Royale des Beaux-Arts de Bruxelles, the architect reads out his Manifeste de l’Architecture Insurrectionelle and deplores both the conservatism and poor-quality which caracterise the productions at the time. A compilation of technical drawings, sketches and writings, the document advocates for the installation of suction cup inspired houses which would be attached to pre-existing structures. On the aftermath of the first oil crisis in 1973, the majority of the synthetic materials he would use for the construction of his buildings become uneasy to acquire, dramatically slowing down his productions. As a consequence, Chanéac will build his own residential house in Aix-Les-Bains, south-east of France where he wanted to see his children experience his own concepts of living. Built in 1976, the house is situated on a very sloping land and metaphorically represents a bean pod.


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